Beginning of World War II. Birth of the Grand Alliance
"At 4 o'clock this morning Hitler attacked and invaded Russia. All his usual formalities of perfidy were observed with scrupulous technique. Suddenly, without declaration of war, without even an ultimatum, the German bombs rained down from the sky upon the Russian cities; the German troops violated the Russian frontiers.
Can you doubt what our policy will be? We have but one aim and one single irrevocable purpose. We are resolved to destroy Hitler and every vestige of the Nazi regime. From this nothing will turn us. Nothing.
The Russian danger is therefore our danger and the danger of the United States just as the cause of any Russian fighting for his hearth and home is the cause of free men and free peoples in every quarter of the globe."
The radio broadcast by Winston Churchill on the German invasion of the USSR, 22 June 1941. Komsomolskaya pravda, 24 June 1941, № 146, p. 4.
"After beginning on June 22, the perfidious military invasion of Hitler's Germany on our country continues. Yet we won't be alone in this war of liberation.
Under the present circumstances, the historical broadcast of British Prime Minister Churchill promising assistance to the Soviet Union and the statement of the American government of its readiness to help our country can evoke only a feeling of gratitude in the hearts of Soviet people and are quite understandable and emblematic."
The radio broadcast by Joseph Stalin. 3 July 1941. RGASPI
Marks in blue pencil by Joseph Stalin.
"Stalin said the all-important thing was the production of tanks during the winter – the tank losses on both sides were very great but that Germany could produce more tanks per month this winter than Russia. Hence the aid of the United States in supplying steel and tanks is essential. He would like to send a tank expert to the United States. He stated that he would give the United States his tank designs.
He told me that the first need of the Russian Army was light antiaircraft guns, 20 mm, 25 mm, 37 mm, and 50 mm, and that they need vast quantities of these guns to give protection to their lines of communications against low flying planes.
His second great need was aluminium needed in the construction of airplanes."
A conversation between Joseph Stalin and US Presidential representative Harry Hopkins, 31 July 1941. Dokumenty vneshney politiki SSSR [Documents of Soviet Foreign Policy], vol. 24, Moscow, 2000, pp. 579, 581.
Photo by Nikolai Vlasik (?)