Stalin
Churchill
Roosevelt
The Common Struggle Against Fascism

Protocol of talks between the Three Heads of Governments at the Crimea Conference

11 February 1945
Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation

Hand­signed by Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin

The heads of three governments have agreed on the following:

1. Germany must pay in kind for the losses caused by her to the Allied nations in the course of the war. <...>

2. Reparation in kind is to be exacted from Germany in three following forms:

(a) Removals within two years from the surrender of Germany or the cessation of organized resistance from the national wealth of Germany located on the territory of Germany herself as well as outside her territory (equipment, machine tools, ships, rolling stock, German investments abroad, shares of industrial, transport and other enterprises in Germany, etc.), these removals to be carried out chiefly for the purpose of destroying the war potential of Germany.

(b) Annual deliveries of goods from current production for a period to be fixed.

(c) Use of German labor. <...>

4. With regard to the fixing of the total sum of the reparation as well as the distribution of it among the countries which suffered from the German aggression, the Soviet and American delegations agreed as follows: 'The Moscow reparation commission should take in its initial studies as a basis for discussion the suggestion of the Soviet Government that the total sum of the reparation in accordance with the points (a) and (b) of Paragraph 3 should be 20 billion dollars and that 50 percent should go to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.'

The British delegation was of the opinion that, pending consideration of the reparation question by the Moscow reparation commission, no figures of reparation should be mentioned.